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MiniCssExtractPlugin

This plugin extract CSS into separate files. It creates a CSS file per JS file which contains CSS. It supports On-Demand-Loading of CSS and SourceMaps.

It builds on top of a new webpack v4 feature (module types) and requires webpack 4 to work.

Compared to the extract-text-webpack-plugin:

  • Async loading
  • No duplicate compilation (performance)
  • Easier to use
  • Specific to CSS

TODO:

  • HMR support

Install

npm install --save-dev mini-css-extract-plugin

Usage

##

Minimal example

webpack.config.js

const MiniCssExtractPlugin = require("mini-css-extract-plugin");
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new MiniCssExtractPlugin({
      // Options similar to the same options in webpackOptions.output
      // both options are optional
      filename: "[name].css",
      chunkFilename: "[id].css"
    })
  ],
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader,
          "css-loader"
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

Advanced configuration example

This plugin should be used only on production builds without style-loader in the loaders chain, especially if you want to have HMR in development.

Here is an example to have both HMR in development and your styles extracted in a file for production builds.

(Loaders options left out for clarity, adapt accordingly to your needs.)

webpack.config.js

const MiniCssExtractPlugin = require("mini-css-extract-plugin");
const devMode = process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production'

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new MiniCssExtractPlugin({
      // Options similar to the same options in webpackOptions.output
      // both options are optional
      filename: devMode ? '[name].css' : '[name].[hash].css',
      chunkFilename: devMode ? '[id].css' : '[id].[hash].css',
    })
  ],
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.s?[ac]ss$/,
        use: [
          devMode ? 'style-loader' : MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader,
          'css-loader',
          'postcss-loader',
          'sass-loader',
        ],
      }
    ]
  }
}

Minimizing For Production

While webpack 5 is likely to come with a CSS minimizer built-in, with webpack 4 you need to bring your own. To minify the output, use a plugin like optimize-css-assets-webpack-plugin. Setting optimization.minimizer overrides the defaults provided by webpack, so make sure to also specify a JS minimizer:

webpack.config.js

const UglifyJsPlugin = require("uglifyjs-webpack-plugin");
const MiniCssExtractPlugin = require("mini-css-extract-plugin");
const OptimizeCSSAssetsPlugin = require("optimize-css-assets-webpack-plugin");
module.exports = {
  optimization: {
    minimizer: [
      new UglifyJsPlugin({
        cache: true,
        parallel: true,
        sourceMap: true // set to true if you want JS source maps
      }),
      new OptimizeCSSAssetsPlugin({})
    ]
  },
  plugins: [
    new MiniCssExtractPlugin({
      filename: "[name].css",
      chunkFilename: "[id].css"
    })
  ],
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader,
          "css-loader"
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

Features

Using preloaded or inlined CSS

The runtime code detects already added CSS via <link> or <style> tag. This can be useful when injecting CSS on server-side for Server-Side-Rendering. The href of the <link> tag has to match the URL that will be used for loading the CSS chunk. The data-href attribute can be used for <link> and <style> too. When inlining CSS data-href must be used.

Extracting all CSS in a single file

Similar to what extract-text-webpack-plugin does, the CSS can be extracted in one CSS file using optimization.splitChunks.cacheGroups.

webpack.config.js

const MiniCssExtractPlugin = require("mini-css-extract-plugin");
module.exports = {
  optimization: {
    splitChunks: {
      cacheGroups: {
        styles: {
          name: 'styles',
          test: /\.css$/,
          chunks: 'all',
          enforce: true
        }
      }
    }
  },
  plugins: [
    new MiniCssExtractPlugin({
      filename: "[name].css",
    })
  ],
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          MiniCssExtractPlugin.loader,
          "css-loader"
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

Maintainers


      Tobias Koppers

Long Term Caching

For long term caching use filename: "[contenthash].css". Optionally add [name].