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style-loader

Adds CSS to the DOM by injecting a <style> tag

Install

npm install style-loader --save-dev

Usage

It's recommended to combine style-loader with the css-loader

component.js

import style from './file.css'

webpack.config.js

{
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          { loader: "style-loader" },
          { loader: "css-loader" }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

###

When using local scoped CSS the module exports the generated identifiers (locals).

component.js

import style from './file.css'

style.className === "z849f98ca812"

Url

It's also possible to add a URL <link href="path/to/file.css" rel="stylesheet"> instead of inlining the CSS {String} with <style></style> tag.

import url from 'file.css'

webpack.config.js

{
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          { loader: "style-loader/url" },
          { loader: "file-loader" }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}
<link rel="stylesheet" href="path/to/file.css">

:information_source: Source maps and assets referenced with url: when style loader is used with { options: { sourceMap: true } } option, the CSS modules will be generated as Blobs, so relative paths don't work (they would be relative to chrome:blob or chrome:devtools). In order for assets to maintain correct paths setting output.publicPath property of webpack configuration must be set, so that absolute paths are generated. Alternatively you can enable the convertToAbsoluteUrls option mentioned above.

Useable

By convention the Reference Counter API should be bound to .useable.css and the .css should be loaded with basic style-loader usage.(similar to other file types, i.e. .useable.less and .less).

webpack.config.js

{
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [
          { loader: "style-loader" },
          { loader: "css-loader" },
        ],
      },
      {
        test: /\.useable\.css$/,
        use: [
          {
            loader: "style-loader/useable"
          },
          { loader: "css-loader" },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
}

Reference Counter API

component.js

import style from './file.css'

style.use(); // = style.ref();
style.unuse(); // = style.unref();

Styles are not added on import/require(), but instead on call to use/ref. Styles are removed from page if unuse/unref is called exactly as often as use/ref.

:warning: Behavior is undefined when unuse/unref is called more often than use/ref. Don't do that.

Options

Name
Type
Default
Description
Name
hmr
Type
{Boolean}
Default
true
Description
Enable/disable Hot Module Replacement (HMR), if disabled no HMR Code will be added (good for non local development/production)
Name
base
Type
{Number}
Default
true
Description
Set module ID base (DLLPlugin)
Name
attrs
Type
{Object}
Default
{}
Description
Add custom attrs to <style></style>
Name
transform
Type
{Function}
Default
false
Description
Transform/Conditionally load CSS by passing a transform/condition function
Name
insertAt
Type
{String|Object}
Default
bottom
Description
Inserts <style></style> at the given position
Name
insertInto
Type
{String}
Default
<head>
Description
Inserts <style></style> into the given position
Name
sourceMap
Type
{Boolean}
Default
false
Description
Enable/Disable Sourcemaps
Name
convertToAbsoluteUrls
Type
{Boolean}
Default
false
Description
Converts relative URLs to absolute urls, when source maps are enabled

hmr

Enable/disable Hot Module Replacement (HMR), if disabled no HMR Code will be added. This could be used for non local development and production.

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    hmr: false
  }
}

base

This setting is primarily used as a workaround for css clashes when using one or more DllPlugin's. base allows you to prevent either the app's css (or DllPlugin2's css) from overwriting DllPlugin1's css by specifying a css module id base which is greater than the range used by DllPlugin1 e.g.:

webpack.dll1.config.js

{
  test: /\.css$/,
  use: [
    'style-loader',
    'css-loader'
  ]
}

webpack.dll2.config.js

{
  test: /\.css$/,
  use: [
    { loader: 'style-loader', options: { base: 1000 } },
    'css-loader'
  ]
}

webpack.app.config.js

{
  test: /\.css$/,
  use: [
    { loader: 'style-loader', options: { base: 2000 } },
    'css-loader'
  ]
}

attrs

If defined, style-loader will attach given attributes with their values on <style> / <link> element.

component.js

import style from './file.css'

webpack.config.js

{
  test: /\.css$/,
  use: [
    { loader: 'style-loader', options: { attrs: { id: 'id' } } }
    { loader: 'css-loader' }
  ]
}
<style id="id"></style>

Url

component.js

import link from './file.css'

webpack.config.js

{
  test: /\.css$/,
  use: [
    { loader: 'style-loader/url', options: { attrs: { id: 'id' } } }
    { loader: 'file-loader' }
  ]
}

transform

A transform is a function that can modify the css just before it is loaded into the page by the style-loader. This function will be called on the css that is about to be loaded and the return value of the function will be loaded into the page instead of the original css. If the return value of the transform function is falsy, the css will not be loaded into the page at all.

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    transform: 'path/to/transform.js'
  }
}

transform.js

module.exports = function (css) {
  // Here we can change the original css
  const transformed = css.replace('.classNameA', '.classNameB')

  return transformed
}

Conditional

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    transform: 'path/to/conditional.js'
  }
}

conditional.js

module.exports = function (css) {
  // If the condition is matched load [and transform] the CSS
  if (css.includes('something I want to check')) {
    return css;
  }
  // If a falsy value is returned, the CSS won't be loaded
  return false
}

insertAt

By default, the style-loader appends <style> elements to the end of the style target, which is the <head> tag of the page unless specified by insertInto. This will cause CSS created by the loader to take priority over CSS already present in the target. To insert style elements at the beginning of the target, set this query parameter to 'top', e.g

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    insertAt: 'top'
  }
}

A new <style> element can be inserted before a specific element by passing an object, e.g.

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    insertAt: {
        before: '#id'
    }
  }
}

insertInto

By default, the style-loader inserts the <style> elements into the <head> tag of the page. If you want the tags to be inserted somewhere else you can specify a CSS selector for that element here. If you target an IFrame make sure you have sufficient access rights, the styles will be injected into the content document head. You can also insert the styles into a ShadowRoot, e.g

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    insertInto: '#host::shadow>#root'
  }
}

singleton

If defined, the style-loader will reuse a single <style> element, instead of adding/removing individual elements for each required module.

ℹ️ This option is on by default in IE9, which has strict limitations on the number of style tags allowed on a page. You can enable or disable it with the singleton option.

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    singleton: true
  }
}

sourceMap

Enable/Disable source map loading

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    sourceMap: true
  }
}

convertToAbsoluteUrls

If convertToAbsoluteUrls and sourceMaps are both enabled, relative urls will be converted to absolute urls right before the css is injected into the page. This resolves an issue where relative resources fail to load when source maps are enabled. You can enable it with the convertToAbsoluteUrls option.

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'style-loader',
  options: {
    sourceMap: true,
    convertToAbsoluteUrls: true
  }
}

Maintainers


      Juho Vepsäläinen


      Joshua Wiens


      Artem Sapegin


      Michael Ciniawsky


      Alexander Krasnoyarov


      Tobias Koppers


      Kees Kluskens