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Mode

Providing the mode configuration option tells webpack to use its built-in optimizations accordingly.

string

Possible values for mode are: none, development or production(default).

Usage

Just provide the mode option in the config:

module.exports = {
  mode: 'production'
};

or pass it as a CLI argument:

webpack --mode=production

The following string values are supported:

Option Description

Option

Description

development

Sets process.env.NODE_ENV on DefinePlugin to value development. Enables NamedChunksPlugin and NamedModulesPlugin.

Sets process.env.NODE_ENV on DefinePlugin to value development . Enables NamedChunksPlugin and NamedModulesPlugin .

Option

Description

production

Sets process.env.NODE_ENV on DefinePlugin to value production. Enables FlagDependencyUsagePlugin, FlagIncludedChunksPlugin, ModuleConcatenationPlugin, NoEmitOnErrorsPlugin, OccurrenceOrderPlugin, SideEffectsFlagPlugin and TerserPlugin.

Sets process.env.NODE_ENV on DefinePlugin to value production . Enables FlagDependencyUsagePlugin , FlagIncludedChunksPlugin , ModuleConcatenationPlugin , NoEmitOnErrorsPlugin , OccurrenceOrderPlugin , SideEffectsFlagPlugin and TerserPlugin .

Option

Description

none

Opts out of any default optimization options

Opts out of any default optimization options

If not set, webpack sets production as the default value for mode.

Please remember that setting NODE_ENV doesn't automatically set mode.

Mode: development

// webpack.development.config.js
module.exports = {
+ mode: 'development'
- devtool: 'eval',
- cache: true,
- performance: {
-   hints: false
- },
- output: {
-   pathinfo: true
- },
- optimization: {
-   namedModules: true,
-   namedChunks: true,
-   nodeEnv: 'development',
-   flagIncludedChunks: false,
-   occurrenceOrder: false,
-   sideEffects: false,
-   usedExports: false,
-   concatenateModules: false,
-   splitChunks: {
-     hidePathInfo: false,
-     minSize: 10000,
-     maxAsyncRequests: Infinity,
-     maxInitialRequests: Infinity,
-   },
-   noEmitOnErrors: false,
-   checkWasmTypes: false,
-   minimize: false,
- },
- plugins: [
-   new webpack.NamedModulesPlugin(),
-   new webpack.NamedChunksPlugin(),
-   new webpack.DefinePlugin({ "process.env.NODE_ENV": JSON.stringify("development") }),
- ]
}

Mode: production

// webpack.production.config.js
module.exports = {
+  mode: 'production',
- performance: {
-   hints: 'warning'
- },
- output: {
-   pathinfo: false
- },
- optimization: {
-   namedModules: false,
-   namedChunks: false,
-   nodeEnv: 'production',
-   flagIncludedChunks: true,
-   occurrenceOrder: true,
-   sideEffects: true,
-   usedExports: true,
-   concatenateModules: true,
-   splitChunks: {
-     hidePathInfo: true,
-     minSize: 30000,
-     maxAsyncRequests: 5,
-     maxInitialRequests: 3,
-   },
-   noEmitOnErrors: true,
-   checkWasmTypes: true,
-   minimize: true,
- },
- plugins: [
-   new TerserPlugin(/* ... */),
-   new webpack.DefinePlugin({ "process.env.NODE_ENV": JSON.stringify("production") }),
-   new webpack.optimize.ModuleConcatenationPlugin(),
-   new webpack.NoEmitOnErrorsPlugin()
- ]
}

Mode: none

// webpack.custom.config.js
module.exports = {
+ mode: 'none',
- performance: {
-  hints: false
- },
- optimization: {
-   flagIncludedChunks: false,
-   occurrenceOrder: false,
-   sideEffects: false,
-   usedExports: false,
-   concatenateModules: false,
-   splitChunks: {
-     hidePathInfo: false,
-     minSize: 10000,
-     maxAsyncRequests: Infinity,
-     maxInitialRequests: Infinity,
-   },
-   noEmitOnErrors: false,
-   checkWasmTypes: false,
-   minimize: false,
- },
- plugins: []
}

If you want to change the behavior according to the mode variable inside the webpack.config.js, you have to export a function instead of an object:

var config = {
  entry: './app.js'
  //...
};

module.exports = (env, argv) => {

  if (argv.mode === 'development') {
    config.devtool = 'source-map';
  }

  if (argv.mode === 'production') {
    //...
  }

  return config;
};